Your bank sends you a letter, telling you that the limit has been reduced on your home equity line of credit, or HELOC. That news is unwelcome enough. What the letter doesn't tell you is this:
Your credit score just got whacked.
A frozen HELOC doesn't always spell credit-score doom. Under some circumstances, freezing a HELOC might not change the score much; under others, the credit score can tumble enough to derail one's financial plans.
Falling home values are prompting lenders to take new defensive steps to guard against loan defaults. They've started to freeze and cut back hundreds of thousands of home equity lines of credit.
One of the U.S.'s largest mortgage lender, sent letters in January to 122,000 customers, telling them they can no longer borrow against their HELOCs.
At worst, outright freezes cause havoc for many borrowers. Even for borrowers being told they can only draw less than the amount initially
Many lenders are freezing and cutting HELOCs even for borrowers with sterling credit and big equity in their homes, says Weston Sutherland, director of product management, FeeDisclosure.com.
Borrowers generally see HELOCs as an inexpensive, flexible source of cash. Lenders have opened more than $2
But if your line has been lopped, there may be steps you can take to fight back or cope with the problem. .
A HELOC HELOC Home Equity Line Of Credit
is secured by your equity in the home. Recent declines in housing values have trimmed home equity in many areas. That's why lenders are
reining in HELOCs. They often reserve that right in the fine print of their deal.
Lets say Jack Brown applied for a HELOC in 2005. He had a $300,000 mortgage balance on a house worth $400,000.
Brown's equity was the difference: $100,000. A lender might have given him a HELOC for $100,000: 100% of his home equity.
Suppose that Brown now owes a $40,000 balance on his HELOC. And his mortgage balance is $295,000. So he has $335,000 in home loans.
But the lender now estimates that homes in Brown's area have fallen by 20% since 2005. In that case, the lender projects that Brown's home would be worth $320,000.
That wipes out Brown's equity. On paper the lender would not be secured for all of the outstanding debt on the HELOC and there would not be enough collateral to justify further borrowing by Brown.
The lender might send Brown a letter saying his HELOC has been frozen. If you receive such a letter, what can you do?
You can accept the new limits. Maybe you simply don't need to borrow money.
If an emergency comes up, perhaps you have
That could cost less than dipping into a HELOC. Their rates currently average about 6%.
If you don't have enough cash, you can appeal some HELOC freezes.
Call the lender's customer service department and ask if it has an appeals procedure. "You generally will need to demonstrate that the value of your home hasn't declined or hasn't fallen by much," said Keith Gumbinger, vice president.
CONTACT BOGRIS APPRAISAL LLC
201 773 3282
to thaw your frozen line of credit.
Bogris Appraisal LLC is frequently appointed in probate and condemnation proceedings and also used by banks and real estate concerns to determine the market value of properties like yours.
Bogris Appraisal LLC offers competitive fees comeasurate with the assignment.
The appraisal may help your frozen HELOC to thaw.
Suppose Janice Green has a house she bought years ago. Her mortgage balance is $350,000.
Say Green also has a $100,000 HELOC. She has not borrowed against it, but all of it was frozen.
Green might get an appraisal showing her house is worth $500,000. So she'd have $150,000 in home equity.
On the strength of that, her lender might restore her $100,000 HELOC. Or it might make, say, $50,000 of that line available to her.
A $50,000 HELOC, plus her $350,000 mortgage, would give her $400,000 of debt on a $500,000 house. Even now, many lenders are comfortable with an 80% Loan-to-value ratio (LTV)
Bottom line: People who bought homes at the peak of the market may face stiff challenges. Many owners now find the ratio of their home loans plus HELOCs vs. home value has soared. If your home is leveraged over 80%, you likely will find it hard to get more
home equity debt.
The situation is better if you bought your house before the market peak. You may have ample home equity. If you have solid credit and reliable income, you can borrow against your house.
"This is a good time to shop for home loans," McBride said. If you're qualified, you can get attractive terms for a HELOC, no matter what some lenders might tell you.